PTSD can be understood as a disruption of the natural recovery process following a traumatic event.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms are almost universal immediately after a traumatic experience with the "natural" recovery process taking a few months on average. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a diagnosis that means you have both experienced a traumatic event and that experiencing that event has led to really impactful changes in the way you think, feel, and behave afterwards.
A traumatic experience may be something you experienced personally, witnessed, or something you learned about another person experiencing. The symptoms of PTSD fall into the four symptom clusters listed in the table below and include more specific examples of how these symptoms may be experienced by a person living with PTSD.
Symptom Types Examples
Repeated & unwanted memories
Dreams or nightmares of trauma
Physical reaction to reminders
Distressed by reminders of trauma
Avoiding thoughts, memories, or feelings about trauma
Avoiding people, places, or situations (conversations, objects, etc. that remind you of trauma
Negative changes to mood & thinking
Trouble remembering aspects of the trauma
Strong negative beliefs about self, others, or the world
Persistent blame of self and others
Persistent negative mood
Loss of interest in meaningful or important activities
Feeling detached or estranged from others
Inability to experience positive emotions
Changes in arousal & reactivity
Irritable & Angry outbursts
Acting reckless or self-destructive
Hypervigilance (being on guard)
Feeling “jumpy” & easily startled
Problems with concentration
Trouble with sleep
Treatment for PTSD
There are several empiracally supported treatments for PTSD. At Lotus we offer Cognitive Processing Therapy or CPT for short.