Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

“In the best cognitive therapy, there is no answer. There are only good questions that guide discovery of a million different individual answers”

-Padesky, 1993

What you need to know about CBT

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, or C-B-T f r short was originally developed to treat depression, however it is now used to treat multiple mental health conditions and/or life stress stressors.  The goal of CBT is not to change people's thinking, but rather to teach people how to evaluate their thoughts, behaviours, physical sensations and moods in a critical way. The focus of CBT is to learn to re-evaluate distorted negative thinking and to develop personal coping strategies that target solving current problems. CBT is a "problem-focused" and "action-oriented" form of therapy that teaches new information-processing skills and coping mechanisms. The therapist's role is to work with the client in finding and practicing effective strategies to address the identified goals and alleviate symptoms of the disorder.


CBT aims to help you manage overwhelming problems in a more positive way by breaking them down into smaller parts.


CBT can be seen as having six phases:


1.    Assessment or psychological assessment

2.    Reconceptualization

3.    Skills acquisition

4.    Skills consolidation and application training

5.    Generalization and maintenance

6.    Post-treatment assessment follow-up


Some skills that you will learn are:

1.    Learn how to become aware of unhelpful thoughts and how they impact your emotional state

2.    Learn to have a more logical understanding of other people’s actions

3.    Lean to challenge automatic assumptions

4.    Learn to accurately assess reality

5.    Learn to cope with triggering or upsetting situations

6.    Learn positive self-talk and how to boost confidence

7.    Lean relaxation techniques